In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang inters the bodies of relatives in the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang outside Chang'an.
The founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, joins Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam, Karachi.
World War I: The Battle of Hamel, a successful attack by the Australian Corps against German positions near the town of Le Hamel on the Western Front.
After 381 years of near-continuous colonial rule by various powers, the Philippines attains full independence from the United States.
World War II: The liberation of the Philippines is declared.
World War I: Arabian troops led by T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") and Auda ibu Tayi capture Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt.
Israel launches an offensive on Gaza amid rising tensions following the kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers.
Pakistan joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank.
World War I: The Second Battle of the Marne begins near the River Marne with a German attack.
Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnam begin Operation Hastings to push the North Vietnamese out of the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone.
"American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
Twitter is launched, becoming one of the largest social media platforms in the world.
World War I: Battle of Fromelles: British and Australian troops attack German trenches as part of the Battle of the Somme.
World War I: The Corfu Declaration, which leads to the creation of the post-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia, is signed by the Yugoslav Committee and Kingdom of Serbia.
Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their nineteen-month war.
Japan completes its last reparation to the Philippines for war crimes committed during imperial Japan's conquest of the country in the Second World War.
World War I: The Battle of Passchendaele begins near Ypres in West Flanders, Belgium.