Historical Events on October

  • World War I

    1918

    World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia", capture Damascus.

  • People's Republic of China

    1949

    The People's Republic of China is established and declared by Mao Zedong.

  • World War I

    1917

    World War I: The Battle of Broodseinde is fought between the British and German armies in Flanders.

  • World War I

    1914

    World War I: First aerial combat resulting in an intentional fatality.

  • World War I

    1918

    World War I: In action near Pittem, Belgium, USMC 2nd Lieutenant aviator Ralph Talbot of Weymouth, Massachusetts becomes the first-ever USMC aviator to earn the Medal of Honor.

  • World War I

    1918

    World War I: In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York kills 28 German soldiers and captures 132, for which he is awarded the Medal of Honor.

  • World War I

    1914

    World War I: Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.

  • Vietnam War

    1966

    Vietnam War: Binh Tai Massacre

  • Taliban

    2012

    Members of the Pakistani Taliban make a failed attempt to assassinate an outspoken schoolgirl, Malala Yousafzai.

  • World War I

    1915

    World War I: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium

  • World War I

    1917

    World War I: At Vincennes outside Paris, Dutch dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for the German Empire.

  • Republic of the Philippines

    1947

    Republic of the Philippines takes over the administration of the Turtle Islands and the Mangsee Islands from the United Kingdom.

  • Italy

    1912

    Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.

  • World War I

    1917

    World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat to the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany. The young unknown Oberleutnant Erwin Rommel captures Mount Matajur with only 100 Germans against a force of over 7000 Italians.

  • World War I

    1914

    The British lose their first battleship of World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons) is sunk off Tory Island, north-west of Ireland, by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin. The loss was kept an official secret in Britain until 14 November 1918 (three days after the end of the war). The sinking was witnessed and photographed by passengers on RMS Olympic.

  • United Kingdom

    2014

    Britain withdraws from Afghanistan after the end of Operation Herrick which started on June 20, 2002 after 12 years four months and seven days.

  • World War I

    1918

    World War I: Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austria-Hungary marking the beginning of an independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.

  • China

    2015

    China announces the end of One-child policy after 35 years.