The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia's capital city, Canberra, between Sydney and Melbourne.
Swiss tennis player Roger Federer becomes the No. 1 ranked men's singles player, a position he will hold for a record 237 weeks.
French President Charles de Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.
The so-called Big Three banks in Switzerland announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy administration.
World War II: General Dwight D. Eisenhower is selected to command the allied armies in Europe.
The first wave of the Egyptian revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests.
An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr, Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.
The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by United States President George Washington.
The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
United States President Richard Nixon visits the People's Republic of China to normalize Sino-American relations.
Byzantine emperor Justinian I orders the building of a new Orthodox Christian basilica in Constantinople - the Hagia Sophia.
World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.
World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznań. The city is liberated by Soviet and Polish forces.
Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives. He is later acquitted in the Senate.
A special commission of the United States Congress condemns the Japanese American internment during World War II.
World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
People Power Revolution: President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos flees the nation after 20 years of rule; Corazon Aquino becomes the Philippines' first woman president.