Founding of São Paulo city, Brazil.
Ukraine declares independence from Bolshevik Russia.
Pope Pius XII elevates the Apostolic Vicariate of the Hawaiian Islands to the dignity of a diocese. It becomes the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu.
World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
The Soviet Union ends the state of war with Germany.
In Washington, D.C., President John F. Kennedy delivers the first live presidential television news conference.
Pope John Paul II starts his first official papal visits outside Italy to The Bahamas, Dominican Republic and Mexico.
During a historic visit to Cuba, Pope John Paul II demands political reforms and the release of political prisoners while condemning US attempts to isolate the country.
Invasion of Iraq: A group of people leave London, England, for Baghdad, Iraq, to serve as human shields, intending to prevent the U.S.-led coalition troops from bombing certain locations.